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Game Resources / NES / Super Mario Bros 3

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Page created, content coming soon! Meanwhile, look at the tricks for the previous game, the games share a lot of stuff.

Speed & Pixel Position Mechanics

Like SMB and SMB2j (as well as many NES games), SMB3 has a subpixel precision of 16. Subpixel is a 1 byte value that represents a fraction of a pixel (256ths of a pixel). A precision of 16 means it will only change in increments of 16. Thus 1 subpixel equals a value of 16 on 0x074D.

Speed (0x00BD) is measured in subpixels per frame. A value of 40 means 40 16ths of a pixel, or 2.5 pixels per frame.

Mario has a different max speed in various situations:

Situation Max Pix/Frame
Wall ejecting 16 1
Swimming 23 1.958
Walk 24 1.5
Run-no P 40 2.5
Run+P 56 3.5
Sliding 63 3.938

Subpixel carry over

This game has subpixel carryover, meaning that x & y subpixel values are not cleared at the end of a level and are thus carried over to the next level. Having a high x subpixel value at the end of one level will give you a head start in the next.


Maintaining Sliding Speed

TODO: Explain 8 frame rule + RAM address, how to use this to keep speed.

The Walljump

A walljump occurs when you jump towards a wall and Mario's foot collides with the wall in such a way that he can jump again. In the animation above (made on a custom map), three walljumps are performed.

Theory: Walljumps are possible because the game does a floor check (a simple "is position divided by 16 even? Is there a solid block below him?" test) even during a wall-ejection. Wall-ejection is SMB's mechanism to adjust Mario's horizontal position properly when his left side and right side have a different inside-wall status. The game ejects Mario in the opposite direction from the one in which he was traveling when he entered the wall.

Two conditions must be met for a walljump to be possible:

It's possible to perform a walljump on any non-lethal solid material (bricks, pipes, etc).

In SMB3, the trick works exactly the same way as in SMB1, but is harder to perform, because the game is more effective at keeping Mario outside of walls.


Enter walls at a corner

This can not be done with small mario.

Do a duck jump towards a wall and aim at the block just below the corner. If your speed and subpixel values are right you will enter in the wall. Stop ducking on the right frame, and mario will begin to eject out of the wall towards the right. Once in the wall, mario will not be able to run left or right.


Corner Boosting

Corner boosts work on any block that is one block wide and isn't adjacent to another block. This block can be in the air or on the ground. If you jump at it at the right height, subpixel position, and speed, you can fall through the block. In the process you get a small ~1 pixel boost from doing so.

TODO: Add animated GIF


Ceiling Boosting

It is possible to boost a pixel off of corners of ceilings (similar to how it works in NSMB) by duck jumping.

This animated GIF demonstrates how the ceiling boost works. While Mario's speed never changes he is boosted 1 pixel if he hits the corner with the correct subpixel position. The right side of the GIF shows his "predicted" position based on Mario's speed and then his actual position. The actual position is greater due to the boosting that has occurred. The left counter shows Mario has boosted exactly 1 pixel.



Getting in floors

This is the same trick as with corner boosting except there are several blocks to the right (the "floor"). If you do a corner boost into the block you will be stuck in the block instead of going through -- unless you duck. Ducking ejects Mario to the right, allowing him to pass through the wall.

Early pipe entry via floor glitching

An application of the Getting in Floors trick. Using this trick in auto-scrolling levels such as airships allows Mario to enter the pipe much sooner than he normally could.

TODO: Demonstration.


Bouncing high off turtles (SMB1, SMB2j)

How it's done: If you jump toward a turtle while it's in the air, you can stomp it while moving upward and keep moving upward. The maximum height that you'll be able to reach if you keep holding down A depends on the exact frame that you made your jump and which part of the turtle you hit, so if you aren't bouncing high enough, keep adjusting your jump one frame at a time.

This is useful for being able to get over an obstacle or landing on another enemy after bouncing off a turtle.

The same can be done for a couple of walking enemies too, when you are running at top speed.


Mushroom / enemy bounce

How it's done: If you hold A while picking up a mushroom that's on top of an enemy, and you manage to collect the mushroom before killing the enemy, you will bounce off of the enemy without killing it. Probably useless.

Not taking damage from Bowser's ground pound.

How it's done: Stay perfectly still when Bowser is about to slam you. If you are small Mario, you won't be killed, and you'll remain perfectly safe unless you move while you're overlapping him.

Running down hill

While running downhill doesn't change the speed address, it does cause Mario to travel 3 subpixels per frame faster than his reported speed. This gives an effective speed boost of +3.

Important RAM Addresses

Address Set #3: Super Mario Bros. 3
System: Nintendo Entertainment System
Download .wch file for: BizHawk
Domain Address Data Type Signed Endian Description
System Bus 0014 Byte Signed Big Back to Map
System Bus 0015 Byte Signed Big Card Timer
System Bus 0075 Byte Unsigned Big X Level 2nd
System Bus 0079 Byte Signed Big X Map Position
System Bus 0087 Byte Signed Big Y Level 2nd
System Bus 0090 Byte Unsigned Big X Level
System Bus 00A2 Byte Signed Big Y Level
System Bus 00AB Byte Unsigned Big X Screen
System Bus 00BD Byte Signed Big X Speed
System Bus 00CF Byte Signed Big X Speed
System Bus 00FD Byte Unsigned Big X Camera
System Bus 03DD Byte Signed Big P Meter
System Bus 0515 Byte Signed Big Next P
System Bus 055D Byte Signed Big 8 Frame Timer
System Bus 056E Byte Signed Big P Kill Counter
System Bus 05F1 Byte Unsigned Big Clock Timer
System Bus 074D Byte Unsigned Big X Subpix
System Bus 075F Byte Unsigned Big Y Subpix
System Bus 0781 Byte Unsigned Big RNG
System Bus 7CFA Byte Signed Big Boss HP

TODO: add these



See also



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GameResources/NES/SuperMarioBros3 last edited by Tompa on 2014-08-13 20:07:51
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